Cancer is the general name for a group of more than 100 diseases. Although there are many kinds of cancer, all cancers start because abnormal cells grow out of control. Untreated cancers can cause serious illness and death.
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition marked by high levels of blood glucose (a form of sugar) resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. There were 3.7 million Californians with diabetes in 2008, meaning that 1 out of 7 adult Californians (13.5 percent) has diabetes. Of these, 2.3 million (8.5 percent) are aware that they have diabetes, and about 1.4 million (5 percent) adults have undiagnosed diabetes, meaning that they are not yet aware. In 2002, a national clinical trial demonstrated that type 2 diabetes can be delayed or prevented by healthy lifestyle changes, including moderate weight loss, changes in diet and engagement in regular moderate-intensity physical activity.
Heart disease includes a number of different diseases which affect the heart and circulatory system. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in California and the nation.
Common types of heart disease include ischemic conditions such as angina and heart attack (also known as acute myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome); sudden cardiac arrest; arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation; coronary artery disease (including atherosclerosis); cardiomyopathy; congenital heart defects; and heart failure.
“This material is adapted from the Retail Program by the California Department of Public Health’s Network for a Healthy California with funding from USA SNAP, known in California as CalFresh (formerly Food Stamps). For CalFresh information call 1-877-847-3663”